The biennial survey of the Earth's health, produced in collaboration with the Zoological Society of London (ZSL) and Global Footprint Network, was launched today from the International Space Station by WWF Ambassador and Dutch Astronaut, André Kuipers.
We only have one Earth. From up here I can see humanity's footprint, including forest fires, air pollution and erosion - challenges which are reflected in this edition of the Living Planet Report," said Kuipers from his European Space Agency mission. "While there are unsustainable pressures on the planet, we have the ability to save our home, not only for our benefit, but for generations to come."
The report measures the health of 9,014 populations of more than 2,600 species - a thousand more populations than have been monitored by previous editions. This data, collated by ZSL, creates the Living Planet Index (LPI), is presented in the report alongside global ecological and water footprint data.
Dr Dan Barlow, Head of Policy at WWF Scotland said:
"This latest health check on the state of the planet reveals the true scale of the challenge facing global leaders meeting in Rio next month to discuss sustainable development.
"Developing a truly green economy that operates within the limits of one planet, improves human wellbeing and equity and manages the worlds natural capital can no longer be seen as an optional extra. It is the only plan that will work."
"The world is continuing to lose wildlife and habitats at a rate that threatens their ability to provide the essential services that we depend on to regulate our climate, provide the food we need and clean air to breathe.
"We are continuing to consume resources faster than the planet can provide, with our current path demanding potentially double those the planet can sustain by 2030. Unless we act now, our economic security and livelihoods will be threatened as resources become more scarce and natural systems further degraded dramatically pushing up the price of food, raw materials and other key commodities.
"The Living Planet Report shows that the resources and biodiversity of the poorest and most vulnerable nations are being compromised to subsidise the unsustainable lifestyles of wealthier nations like Scotland. Choices and decisions about the food we buy, amount of energy we use or timber we procure have an impact far beyond our border.
"Scotland needs to build on our good work to date such as our world leading Climate Change Act, renewable ambitions and progressive approaches to cod conservation by establishing a truly 'one planet' economy focused around goals of living within environmental limits, wellbeing and equity rather than simply GDP growth."