The proposed mega-dams could deal a crushing blow to the Mekong's dolphins. The Don Sahong Dam site is less than two kilometres upstream from a deep river pool, which contains Laos' last four Irrawaddy dolphins. Blasting alone could seriously damage their sensitive hearing. Further downstream in Kratie, a much larger population of dolphins is also threatened by the dam that could drastically reduce its food supply.
A new population survey by WWF and the Cambodian government found that the annual rate of decline has slowed from approximately seven per cent per year in 2007 to less than two per cent in 2015. This is the result of years of work by the government and WWF to protect their habitat and remove illegal gill nets, a major cause of dolphin mortality.
The dams have the potential to irrevocably disrupt fish migration, which would also endanger the world's largest inland fishery and the main source of protein for the region's 60 million people.
One of these - the Xayaburi Dam in northern Laos - is almost complete, while construction on another mega dam on the Don Sahong channel in southern Laos is expected to begin before the end of the year by Malaysia's Mega First Corporation Berhad.
John Barker, Head of Programmes at WWF-UK commented,
We still have a long journey ahead of us before being able to celebrate thriving populations of the iconic Irrawaddy dolphin in the Mekong. These dams will hugely damage years of conservation work and could have irreversible effects on this national treasure as well as threatening the food security of millions of people."
Sam Ath Chhith, Country Director of WWF-Cambodia said,
"We need to re-double our efforts to reduce the mortality rate by protecting the dolphins from illegal gill net fishing and by ensuring that the destructive Don Sahong Dam and others like it are not built. The dam will have negative impacts on the entire Mekong River ecosystem all the way to the delta in Vietnam: it cannot proceed."
The latest results also showed that the number of juvenile dolphins reaching adulthood has vastly improved giving further hope for the survival of species.
Notes to editors:
- The population of the Mekong Irrawaddy Dolphin was estimated at no more than 200 individuals in 1997. Their numbers fell to 127 in 2005, to 93 in 2007 and to 85 in 2010.
- For more information, including detailed scientific analysis, of the potential impacts of the Don Sahong Dam, go here.
- The population survey was conducted along the main channel of the Mekong River from Kratie Township in Cambodia's Kratie province to the Khone Falls complex in Champassak province in Laos and back again - a total distance of 380 km.
For further information:
Lianne Mason, Media Relations Officer, WWF-UK
Tel: +44 7771818699 / +44 1483 412206
Mr. UN Chakrey, Communications Manager of WWF-Cambodia
Tel: (855) 17 234 555
Mr. Lee Poston, Communications Director, WWF-Greater Mekong
Tel: (+66) 91 88 32290
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